The membership function describes the membership of the elements of the base set in the fuzzy set , whereby for a large class of functions can be taken. Reasonable functions are often piecewise linear functions, such as triangular or trapezoidal functions.
The grade of membership of a membership function describes for the special element , to which grade it belongs to the fuzzy set . This value is in the unit interval . Of course, can simultaneously belong to another fuzzy set , such that characterises the grade of membership of to . This case is shown in Figure 15.2.
In the following, a set of important properties and characteristics of fuzzy sets will be described.
Having two fuzzy sets and based on , then both are similar if
The type of representation of the membership function depends on the base set. If this set consists of many values, or is the base set a continuum, then a parametric representation is appropriate. For that functions are used that can be adapted by changing the parameters. Piecewise linear membership functions are preferred, because of their simplicity and efficiency with respect to computability. Mostly these are trapezoidal or triangular functions, which are defined by four and three parameters, respectively. Figure 15.3 shows a trapezoidal function formally described by